 UrquhartGraph - Maple Help

GraphTheory[GeometricGraphs]

 UrquhartGraph
 construct Urquhart graph Calling Sequence UrquhartGraph( P, opts ) Parameters

 P - Matrix or list of lists representing set of points opts - (optional) one or more options as specified below Options

 • triangulation : list of three-element lists.
 Supply a previously computed Delaunay triangulation of P. The input must be a valid Delaunay triangulation in the format returned by ComputationalGeometry[DelaunayTriangulation]: a list of three-element lists of integers, representing triangles in a triangulation of P.
 • vertices : list of integers, strings or symbols
 Specifies the vertices to be used in the generated graph.
 • weighted : true or false
 If weighted=true, the result is a weighted graph whose edge weights correspond to the Euclidean distance between points. The default is false. Description

 • The UrquhartGraph(P, opts) command returns an Urquhart graph for the point set P.
 • The parameter P must be a Matrix or list of lists representing a set of points. Definitions

 • Let $P$ be a set of points in $n$ dimensions.
 • The Urquhart graph is the undirected graph whose vertices correspond to points in $P$ and in which an edge between $p$ and $q$ exists if $p$ and $q$ are the edge of a triangle in a Delaunay triangulation of $P$ but are not the longest of any triangle in this triangulation.
 • Intuitively, the Urquhart graph is obtained from a Delaunay triangulation by simply removing the longest edge from each triangle. It was proposed by R. B. Urquhart as an efficient method for approximating the relative neighborhood graph.
 • The Urquhart graph has the following relationships with other graphs:
 The relative neighborhood graph on P is a subgraph of the Urquhart graph on P.
 The Urquhart graph on P is a subgraph of the Gabriel graph on P. Examples

Generate a set of random two-dimensional points and draw the Urquhart graph.

 > $\mathrm{with}\left(\mathrm{GraphTheory}\right):$
 > $\mathrm{with}\left(\mathrm{GeometricGraphs}\right):$
 > $\mathrm{points}≔\mathrm{LinearAlgebra}:-\mathrm{RandomMatrix}\left(60,2,\mathrm{generator}=0..100.,\mathrm{datatype}=\mathrm{float}\left[8\right]\right)$
 ${\mathrm{points}}{≔}\begin{array}{c}\left[\begin{array}{cc}{9.85017697341803}& {82.9750304386195}\\ {86.0670183749663}& {83.3188659363996}\\ {64.3746795546741}& {73.8671607639673}\\ {57.3670557294666}& {2.34399775883031}\\ {23.6234264844933}& {52.6873367387328}\\ {47.0027547350003}& {22.2459488367552}\\ {74.9213491558963}& {62.0471820220718}\\ {92.1513434709073}& {96.3107262637080}\\ {48.2319624355944}& {63.7563267144141}\\ {90.9441877431805}& {33.8527464913022}\\ {⋮}& {⋮}\end{array}\right]\\ \hfill {\text{60 × 2 Matrix}}\end{array}$ (1)
 > $\mathrm{UG}≔\mathrm{UrquhartGraph}\left(\mathrm{points}\right)$
 ${\mathrm{UG}}{≔}{\mathrm{Graph 1: an undirected unweighted graph with 60 vertices and 65 edge\left(s\right)}}$ (2)
 > $\mathrm{DrawGraph}\left(\mathrm{UG}\right)$  References

 Urquhart, R. B. (1980), "Algorithms for computation of relative neighborhood graph", Electronics Letters, 16 (14): 556–557. doi:10.1049/el:19800386 Compatibility

 • The GraphTheory[GeometricGraphs][UrquhartGraph] command was introduced in Maple 2020.