formal power series solutions with polynomial coefficients for a linear ODE
linear ODE with polynomial coefficients
dependent variable, for example y(x)
optional arguments of the form keyword=value
LODEstruct data structure
The polynomial_series_sol command returns one formal power series solution or a set of formal power series solutions of the given linear ordinary differential equation with polynomial coefficients. The ODE must be either homogeneous or inhomogeneous with a right-hand side that is a polynomial, a rational function, or a "nice" power series (see LODEstruct) in the independent variable x.
If ode is an expression, then it is equated to zero.
The routine returns an error message if the differential equation ode does not satisfy the following conditions.
ode must be linear in var
ode must have polynomial coefficients in x
ode must be homogeneous or have a right-hand side that is rational or a "nice" power series in x
The coefficients of ode must be either rational numbers or depend rationally on one or more parameters.
A homogeneous linear ordinary differential equation with coefficients that are polynomials in x has a linear space of formal power series solutions ∑n=0∞⁡v⁡n⁢Pn⁡x where P[n]⁡x is one of x−an, x−ann!, 1xn, or 1xn⁢n!, a is the expansion point, and the sequence v⁡n satisfies a homogeneous linear recurrence. In the case of an inhomogeneous equation with a right-hand side that is a "nice" power series, v⁡n satisfies an inhomogeneous linear recurrence.
The routine selects such formal power series solutions where v⁡n is a polynomial for all sufficiently large n.
x=a or 'point'=a
Specifies the expansion point in the case of a homogeneous equation or an inhomogeneous equation with rational right-hand side. The default is a=0. It can be an algebraic number, depending rationally on some parameters, or ∞. In the case of a "nice" series right-hand side the expansion point is given by the right-hand side and cannot be changed.
If this option is given, then the command returns one formal power series solution at a with polynomial coefficients if it exists; otherwise, it returns NULL. If a is not given, it returns a set of formal power series solutions with polynomial coefficients for all possible points that are determined by Slode[candidate_points](ode,var,'type'='polynomial').
Specifies a base name C to use for free variables C, C, etc. The default is the global name _C. Note that the number of free variables may be less than the order of the given equation if the expansion point is singular.
Specifies a name for the summation index in the power series. The default value is the global name _n.
ode ≔ 3⁢x2−6⁢x+3⁢ⅆⅆx⁢ⅆⅆx⁢y⁡x+12⁢x−12⁢ⅆⅆx⁢y⁡x+6⁢y⁡x
ode ≔ 3⁢x2−6⁢x+3⁢ⅆ2ⅆx2⁢y⁡x+12⁢x−12⁢ⅆⅆx⁢y⁡x+6⁢y⁡x
Inhomogeneous equations are handled:
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