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Printing and Viewing Maple LaTeX Documents

Setup for Printing and Viewing Maple LaTeX Documents

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To format and print documents exported (or saved) as LaTeX from Maple worksheets, you require access to a standard version of LaTeX (LaTeX2e) and to the LaTeX style package maplestd2e.sty located in the etc subdirectory of your Maple installation.  On Macintosh, the style file is located in the /Library/Frameworks/Maple.framework/etc folder of your Maple installation.

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Copy the contents of the etc directory under your Maple installation into the same directory (or folder) as the LaTeX file you want to process.  Processing your file with LaTeX creates a .dvi file.  If LaTeX reports that it is unable to locate the file maplestd2e.sty, consult your LaTeX installation instructions for the location in which to place new macro definitions.

  

Note: For Classic worksheets (.mws files), see Setup for Classic Maple LaTeX Documents.

Document Structure

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An exported "Maple to LaTeX" document is structured as described below.

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The document preamble contains the following command, which instructs LaTeX to use the maplestd2e package.  The document class can be changed.

  

\documentclass[fullpage,11pt]{article}  % a standard LaTeX style

  

\usepackage{maplestd2e}

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The macro definitions for "maplestd2e" define the various environments used in the LaTeX documents produced by Maple.  They include definitions for the following special environments:

  

\begin{mapleinput}  ... \end{mapleinput}

  

\begin{maplettyout} ... \end{maplettyout}

  

\begin{maplelatex}  ... \end{maplelatex}

  

and the LaTeX macro

  

\mapleplot{...}

  

which is used to include Maple plots.

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The LaTeX macro \mapleinline is used to encode Maple 2-D inline math displays.  For example,

  

\mapleinline{inert}{2d}{sin(x^2);}{$\sin(x^2)$}

  

corresponds to an inert Maple expression that appears in the Maple worksheet in 2-D mode. The Maple command sin(x^2) is displayed in LaTeX by "$\sin(x^2)$".

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When Maple has to break lines in the middle of a large math expression, it uses the macro \maplemultiline{...} to separate and encode the lines. This macro takes the form

  

\maplemultiline{a + b\\c + d\\}

  

where \\ denotes the end of each line. There must be one occurrence of \\ for each line and there must be no space after the last \\.

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Maple spreadsheets are exported to a special tabular environment:

  

\begin{maplespreadsheet}...\end{maplespreadsheet}

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Typical usage is of the form

  

\begin{maplespreadsheet}[table01.tab]{|c|c|c|}

  

\hline

  

\mapleinline{active}{2d}{sin(x);}{...}{%

  

...}

  

&

  

\mapleinline{active}{2d}{sin(x);}{...}{%

  

...}

  

\\

  

\hline

  

\mapleinline{active}{2d}{sin(x);}{...}{%

  

...}

  

&

  

\mapleinline{active}{2d}{sin(x);}{...}{%

  

...}

  

\\

  

\end{maplespreadsheet}

  

where the optional argument table01.tab refers to a file that contains a specially encoded version of the table used by techexplorer to load the table into an active session.  The third argument of each mapleinline contains the actual code, while the fourth argument represents what is displayed.  The fourth argument may be a call to \maplemultiline.

Defined Styles

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The document preamble also includes macros that define the LaTeX appearance of the Maple worksheet styles.  The Maple default styles are all predefined in a manner that approximates their appearance in the worksheet.

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Some examples of such automatically generated LaTeX definitions are

  

% Named Maple Paragraph Styles

  

\newenvironment{Normal}{\normalsize\rmfamily\mdseries}{}

  

\newenvironment{Text Output}{\normalsize\ttfamily\mdseries}{}

  

\newenvironment{Title}{\begin{center}\rmfamily\Large\bfseries\upshape}%

  

{\end{center}}

  

% Named Maple Character styles

  

\newenvironment{Warning}{\ttfamily}{}

  

\def\HyperLink#1{{\normalsize\rmfamily\itshape #1}}

  

Character style names with blanks in them require a special encoding in LaTeX, but are handled in much the same manner.

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In addition, placeholder LaTeX macro definitions are included for each user-defined Maple style.  The placeholder LaTeX macros cause all user-defined styles to appear as normal text, but they are easily customized (by editing the source document) to achieve special effects in LaTeX.   For example, the user-defined Maple character style "Special Text" might initially appear in the LaTeX document preamble as

  

\expandafter\def\csname Special Text\endcsname#1{%

  

{\normalsize\rmfamily\mdseries #1}}

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This character style definition can be edited directly to use large italic by changing it to read

  

\expandafter\def\csname Special Text\endcsname#1{%

  

{\large\rmfamily\itshape #1}}

Changing Overall Layout Parameters

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You can change the overall layout either by choosing a different document class, for example

  

\documentclass[10pt]{book}  % a standard LaTeX style

  

\usepackage{maplestd2e}

  

or by making a copy of the "maplestd2e.sty" file and editing some of the parameters that are set in that file. These parameters control properties such as page height and width and the amount of spacing above and below Maple objects.

Exporting Worksheets Containing Plots

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When you export a Maple worksheet that contains Maple-generated plots, each plot is regenerated by Maple in PostScript and saved to a separate file. The plot file names are generated automatically from the name of the worksheet and are numbered sequentially.

  

A reference to the exported PostScript file, such as

  

\mapleplot{worksheetname01.ps}

  

is inserted into your LaTeX file at the location where the inline plot will appear.

Printing LaTeX Files Containing Maple Plots

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To process a LaTeX file that contains macros of the form \mapleplot{...}, LaTeX must know which dvi-to-PostScript conversion program is to be used.

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By default, it is assumed that the PostScript conversion program dvips is in use, but there are several other such programs to choose from, depending on which LaTeX installation you are using.

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To make use of a different dvi-to-PostScript converter (for example, dvi2ps), modify the maplestd2e usepackage definition in your document preamble to read

  

\usepackage[dvi2ps]{maplestd2e}

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If you do not have any dvi-to-PostScript conversion program installed, modify the usepackage macro call to read

  

\usepackage[noplots]{maplestd2e}

Setup for Classic Maple LaTeX Documents

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To format and print documents exported (or saved) as LaTeX from Classic Maple worksheets (.mws files), use the LaTeX style package maple2e.sty.  This style file is also located in the etc subdirectory of your Maple installation.  Follow the instructions above to copy the contents of the etc directory to the location with your LaTeX file.  In the document preamble, the following command instructs LaTeX to use the maple2e package.

  

\documentclass[fullpage,11pt]{article}  % a standard LaTeX style

  

\usepackage{maple2e}

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The formatting and style macros are the same as those described above for maplestd2e.

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To set the dvi-to-PostScript converter (for example, dvi2ps), modify the usepackage definition in your document preamble to read

  

\usepackage[dvi2ps]{maple2e}

See Also

latex


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