Representations of a Line in Two Dimensions
Forms of the Equation of a Line

The slopeintercept form of (the equation of) a line is: $y\=mxplus;b$. The slope of the line is $m$. The yintercept of the line is b, as can be seen by substituting $x\=0$ into the equation.
The pointslope form of (the equation of) a line is: $y{y}_{1}\=m\left(x{x}_{1}\right)$. The slope of the line is $m$. The point $\left({x}_{1}\,{y}_{1}\right)$ is on the line, as can be seen by substituting $x\={x}_{1}\,yequals;{y}_{1}$ into the equation and observing that you get $0\=0$.
The twopoint form of (the equation of) a line is: $y{y}_{1}\=\frac{{y}_{2}{y}_{1}}{{x}_{2}{x}_{1}}\left(x{x}_{1}\right)$. The points $\left({x}_{1}\,{y}_{1}\right)$ and $\left({x}_{2}\,{y}_{2}\right)$ are on the line, as can be seen by substituting them into the equation and observing that the equality holds. It may be easier to remember this form when rewritten in the symmetrical form $\frac{y{y}_{1}}{{y}_{2}{y}_{1}}\=\frac{x{x}_{1}}{{x}_{2}{x}_{1}}$.
The general (or implicit) form of (the equation of) a line is: $axplus;byequals;c$, or, alternatively, $axplus;byplus;cequals;0$. (Note that the c's in these two versions of this form are not the same  one is the negative of the other.) By convention, the coefficient of the x term, a, is taken to be positive, but this is a convenience, not a rule.




Create a line using different representations


Define a line by selecting a method and entering the necessary data. Click Update to see the plot of the line. The other ways to describe the line will also be updated, when possible.

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