Biology: New Applications
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/category.aspx?cid=187
en-us2016 Maplesoft, A Division of Waterloo Maple Inc.Maplesoft Document SystemFri, 06 May 2016 18:45:20 GMTFri, 06 May 2016 18:45:20 GMTNew applications in the Biology categoryhttp://www.mapleprimes.com/images/mapleapps.gifBiology: New Applications
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/category.aspx?cid=187
Pulse Values from Long Term Measurement
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=154087&ref=Feed
Long term measurement of heart rate furnishes important information of cardiac anomalies. During a period of about 24 hours pulse rate of a patient at the University Hospital Aachen has been measured. Thus, we have a lots of pulse values, which are important for a medical doctor treating sick patients. We use Maple to analyze this data. At first the given data have been interpolated by cubic spline functions. Then, these functions have been approximated by nonlinear regression and also by Fourier series.<img src="/view.aspx?si=154087/pulsevalues.png" alt="Pulse Values from Long Term Measurement" align="left"/>Long term measurement of heart rate furnishes important information of cardiac anomalies. During a period of about 24 hours pulse rate of a patient at the University Hospital Aachen has been measured. Thus, we have a lots of pulse values, which are important for a medical doctor treating sick patients. We use Maple to analyze this data. At first the given data have been interpolated by cubic spline functions. Then, these functions have been approximated by nonlinear regression and also by Fourier series.154087Wed, 20 Apr 2016 04:00:00 ZProf. Josef BettenProf. Josef BettenGlobal Population from 1804 to 2015
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153967&ref=Feed
This worksheet is concerned with the development of the global population during the period of 1804 – 2015, where the population rose from 10^9 to 7.4*10^9. The given data has been interpolated by the cubic spline function. Several nonlinear model functions to data have been suggested and tested by using error norms.<img src="/view.aspx?si=153967/population.png" alt="Global Population from 1804 to 2015" align="left"/>This worksheet is concerned with the development of the global population during the period of 1804 – 2015, where the population rose from 10^9 to 7.4*10^9. The given data has been interpolated by the cubic spline function. Several nonlinear model functions to data have been suggested and tested by using error norms.153967Tue, 09 Feb 2016 05:00:00 ZProf. Josef BettenProf. Josef BettenGlobal Temperature Anomaly
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153951&ref=Feed
The temperature anomaly or temperature index is defined as the change from a reference temperature or a long-term mean value. A positive ( negative) anomaly indicates that a measured temperuture is warmer (cooler) than the reference value. In this worksheet anomalies have been based upon the period between 1951 to 1980. We consider especially temperature change from 1980 to 2015.<img src="/view.aspx?si=153951/GlobalTemperature.png" alt="Global Temperature Anomaly" align="left"/>The temperature anomaly or temperature index is defined as the change from a reference temperature or a long-term mean value. A positive ( negative) anomaly indicates that a measured temperuture is warmer (cooler) than the reference value. In this worksheet anomalies have been based upon the period between 1951 to 1980. We consider especially temperature change from 1980 to 2015.153951Tue, 19 Jan 2016 05:00:00 ZProf. Josef BettenProf. Josef BettenNonlinear Viscoelastic Behaviour of Brain Tissue
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153923&ref=Feed
In this worksheet the relaxation of Brain Tissue has been calculated to experimental data by two nonlinear model functions:
a five parameters PRONY-Series and compared with a three parameters Sqrt(t)-Law due to BETTEN, Creep Mechanics, 3rd edtion, 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin / Heidelberg.<img src="/applications/images/app_image_blank_lg.jpg" alt="Nonlinear Viscoelastic Behaviour of Brain Tissue" align="left"/>In this worksheet the relaxation of Brain Tissue has been calculated to experimental data by two nonlinear model functions:
a five parameters PRONY-Series and compared with a three parameters Sqrt(t)-Law due to BETTEN, Creep Mechanics, 3rd edtion, 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin / Heidelberg.153923Tue, 01 Dec 2015 05:00:00 ZProf. Josef BettenProf. Josef BettenThe Classic SIR Model
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153877&ref=Feed
<P>This interactive application explores the classical SIR model for the spread of disease, which assumes that a population can be divided into three distinct compartments - S is the proportion of susceptibles, I is the proportion of infected persons and R is the proportion of persons that have recovered from infection and are now immune against the disease.</P>
<P>
<B>Also:</B> <A HREF="http://maplecloud.maplesoft.com/application.jsp?appId=4837052487041024">View and interact with this app in the MapleCloud!</A></P><img src="/view.aspx?si=153877/sir_classic.png" alt="The Classic SIR Model" align="left"/><P>This interactive application explores the classical SIR model for the spread of disease, which assumes that a population can be divided into three distinct compartments - S is the proportion of susceptibles, I is the proportion of infected persons and R is the proportion of persons that have recovered from infection and are now immune against the disease.</P>
<P>
<B>Also:</B> <A HREF="http://maplecloud.maplesoft.com/application.jsp?appId=4837052487041024">View and interact with this app in the MapleCloud!</A></P>153877Wed, 16 Sep 2015 04:00:00 ZGünter EdenharterGünter EdenharterThe SIR model with births and deaths
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153878&ref=Feed
<P>This interactive application explores a variation of the classic SIR model for the spread of disease. The classical SIR model assumes that a population can be divided into three distinct compartments: S is the proportion of susceptibles, I is the proportion of infected persons and R is the proportion of persons that have recovered from infection and are now immune against the disease. One extension to the classic SIR model is to add births and deaths to the model. Thus there is an inflow of new susceptibles and an outflow from all three compartments.</P>
<P>
<B>Also:</B> <A HREF="http://maplecloud.maplesoft.com/application.jsp?appId=6584880737550336">View and interact with this app in the MapleCloud!</A></P><img src="/view.aspx?si=153878/sir_births_deaths.png" alt="The SIR model with births and deaths" align="left"/><P>This interactive application explores a variation of the classic SIR model for the spread of disease. The classical SIR model assumes that a population can be divided into three distinct compartments: S is the proportion of susceptibles, I is the proportion of infected persons and R is the proportion of persons that have recovered from infection and are now immune against the disease. One extension to the classic SIR model is to add births and deaths to the model. Thus there is an inflow of new susceptibles and an outflow from all three compartments.</P>
<P>
<B>Also:</B> <A HREF="http://maplecloud.maplesoft.com/application.jsp?appId=6584880737550336">View and interact with this app in the MapleCloud!</A></P>153878Wed, 16 Sep 2015 04:00:00 ZGünter EdenharterGünter EdenharterThe SEIR model with births and deaths
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153879&ref=Feed
<P>This interactive application explores the SEIR model for the spread of disease. The SEIR model is an extension of the classical SIR (Susceptibles, Infected, Recovered) model, where a fourth compartment is added that contains exposed persons which are infected but are not yet infectious. The SEIR (Susceptibles, Exposed, Infectious, Recovered) model as presented here covers also births and deaths.</P>
<P>
<B>Also:</B> <A HREF="http://maplecloud.maplesoft.com/application.jsp?appId=6407056173039616">View and interact with this app in the MapleCloud!</A></P><img src="/view.aspx?si=153879/seir.png" alt="The SEIR model with births and deaths" align="left"/><P>This interactive application explores the SEIR model for the spread of disease. The SEIR model is an extension of the classical SIR (Susceptibles, Infected, Recovered) model, where a fourth compartment is added that contains exposed persons which are infected but are not yet infectious. The SEIR (Susceptibles, Exposed, Infectious, Recovered) model as presented here covers also births and deaths.</P>
<P>
<B>Also:</B> <A HREF="http://maplecloud.maplesoft.com/application.jsp?appId=6407056173039616">View and interact with this app in the MapleCloud!</A></P>153879Wed, 16 Sep 2015 04:00:00 ZGünter EdenharterGünter EdenharterTime Series Analysis: Forecasting Average Global Temperatures
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153791&ref=Feed
Maple includes powerful tools for accessing, analyzing, and visualizing time series data. This application works with global temperature data to demonstrate techniques for analyzing time series data sets using the TimeSeriesAnalysis package, including visualizing trends and modeling future global temperatures.<img src="/view.aspx?si=153791/thumb.jpg" alt="Time Series Analysis: Forecasting Average Global Temperatures" align="left"/>Maple includes powerful tools for accessing, analyzing, and visualizing time series data. This application works with global temperature data to demonstrate techniques for analyzing time series data sets using the TimeSeriesAnalysis package, including visualizing trends and modeling future global temperatures.153791Tue, 21 Apr 2015 04:00:00 ZDaniel SkoogDaniel SkoogCalibrating Response Curves for the Concentration of Melatonin Sulfate in Human Urine
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153783&ref=Feed
<p>This application calibrates response curves against data from an immunoassay that records the concentration of melatonin in human urine and its optical density.</p>
<p>Melatonin is excreted by the pineal gland and regulates human circadian rhythms. Deviations outside of normal boundaries may indicate sleep disorders, depression, schizophrenia, or a range of other conditions.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=153783/melatonin.png" alt="Calibrating Response Curves for the Concentration of Melatonin Sulfate in Human Urine" align="left"/><p>This application calibrates response curves against data from an immunoassay that records the concentration of melatonin in human urine and its optical density.</p>
<p>Melatonin is excreted by the pineal gland and regulates human circadian rhythms. Deviations outside of normal boundaries may indicate sleep disorders, depression, schizophrenia, or a range of other conditions.</p>153783Thu, 09 Apr 2015 04:00:00 ZSamir KhanSamir KhanInteraural Time Delay
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153780&ref=Feed
<p>Humans locate the origin of a sound with several cues. One technique employs the small difference in the time taken for the sound to reach either ear; this is known as the interaural time delay (ITD). This application modifies a single-channel audio file so that the sound appears to originate at an angle from the observer. It does this by introducing an extra channel of sound. Despite both channels having the same amplitude, the sound appears to come from an angle simply by delaying one channel.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=153780/interaural.png" alt="Interaural Time Delay" align="left"/><p>Humans locate the origin of a sound with several cues. One technique employs the small difference in the time taken for the sound to reach either ear; this is known as the interaural time delay (ITD). This application modifies a single-channel audio file so that the sound appears to originate at an angle from the observer. It does this by introducing an extra channel of sound. Despite both channels having the same amplitude, the sound appears to come from an angle simply by delaying one channel.</p>153780Tue, 31 Mar 2015 04:00:00 ZSamir KhanSamir KhanBlutdruckwerte aus Langzeitmessung (Blood Pressure Values)
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=153556&ref=Feed
<p>During a period of 24 hours the blood pressure of a patient at the University Hospital Aachen has been measured. Thus, we have a lot of Systole-, Diastole-, and Pulse-Values important for a medical doctor treating sick patients. To analyse these “data” the Maple Program 16 (with stats) is very useful.</p>
<p>For graphical representation cubic splines within the Maple Curve Fitting program has been used. In German.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=153556/16b4d27b4d08cd3278be0fadcf544abd.gif" alt="Blutdruckwerte aus Langzeitmessung (Blood Pressure Values)" align="left"/><p>During a period of 24 hours the blood pressure of a patient at the University Hospital Aachen has been measured. Thus, we have a lot of Systole-, Diastole-, and Pulse-Values important for a medical doctor treating sick patients. To analyse these “data” the Maple Program 16 (with stats) is very useful.</p>
<p>For graphical representation cubic splines within the Maple Curve Fitting program has been used. In German.</p>153556Fri, 25 Apr 2014 04:00:00 ZProf. Josef BettenProf. Josef BettenWavelet analysis of the blood pressure and pulse frequency measurements with Maple
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=149420&ref=Feed
<p>A significant part of medical signals, or observations, is non-stationary, discrete time sequences. Thus, the computer methods analysis, as well as refinement and compression, are very helpful as for the problems of recognition and detection of their key diagnostic features. We are going to illustrate here this statement with examples of very common, and even routine medical measurements of blood pressure as well as pulse rate and with possibilities of Maple.<br />The package of Discrete Wavelet transforms (DWT) within Maple 16 [1] was recently added as new research software just for such tasks. The practical testing of this package was additional goal of present study.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=149420/4b9024ee653d2c7be8febb717b1df52a.gif" alt="Wavelet analysis of the blood pressure and pulse frequency measurements with Maple" align="left"/><p>A significant part of medical signals, or observations, is non-stationary, discrete time sequences. Thus, the computer methods analysis, as well as refinement and compression, are very helpful as for the problems of recognition and detection of their key diagnostic features. We are going to illustrate here this statement with examples of very common, and even routine medical measurements of blood pressure as well as pulse rate and with possibilities of Maple.<br />The package of Discrete Wavelet transforms (DWT) within Maple 16 [1] was recently added as new research software just for such tasks. The practical testing of this package was additional goal of present study.</p>149420Sun, 14 Jul 2013 04:00:00 ZIrina A. DanishewskaIrina A. DanishewskaDispersion of arterial pulse waves
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=145362&ref=Feed
<p>In this paper, we are primarily focusing on the arterial pulse waves, more exactly even their dispersion. It is important because presence of this together with the non-linearity generates the conditions of existence of localized waveforms. Thus, we would like to obtain here the dispersion law for pulse waves with Maple.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=145362/arterialpulsewaves_thumb.png" alt="Dispersion of arterial pulse waves" align="left"/><p>In this paper, we are primarily focusing on the arterial pulse waves, more exactly even their dispersion. It is important because presence of this together with the non-linearity generates the conditions of existence of localized waveforms. Thus, we would like to obtain here the dispersion law for pulse waves with Maple.</p>145362Tue, 02 Apr 2013 04:00:00 ZShiyan S.I.Shiyan S.I.Simulating the Spread of an Infection
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=144175&ref=Feed
<p>In the problem below I take advantage of Maple's Graph Theory package to simulate how an infection might spread throughout a small community of 15 individuals.</p>
<p>This is a computer simulation project rather than a biology project! For example, the infection may not be a biological infection at all. The 15 vertices could represent 15 different computers, and the "infection" that spreads could be interpreted as a computer virus rather than a biological virus.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=144175/siminfection_thumb.png" alt="Simulating the Spread of an Infection" align="left"/><p>In the problem below I take advantage of Maple's Graph Theory package to simulate how an infection might spread throughout a small community of 15 individuals.</p>
<p>This is a computer simulation project rather than a biology project! For example, the infection may not be a biological infection at all. The 15 vertices could represent 15 different computers, and the "infection" that spreads could be interpreted as a computer virus rather than a biological virus.</p>144175Mon, 04 Mar 2013 05:00:00 ZDouglas LewitDouglas LewitFuzzy Sets in Examples
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=141714&ref=Feed
<p>This worksheet has been created first as a practical part of short course on the pattern recognition theory for my students. It had intended to their introduce, including visually impressions, with fuzzy sets and basic rules of simple operations with them. MAPLE tools were extremely comfortable for such a task and this experience may be useful for community colleagues.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=141714/fuzzy-sets.jpg" alt="Fuzzy Sets in Examples" align="left"/><p>This worksheet has been created first as a practical part of short course on the pattern recognition theory for my students. It had intended to their introduce, including visually impressions, with fuzzy sets and basic rules of simple operations with them. MAPLE tools were extremely comfortable for such a task and this experience may be useful for community colleagues.</p>141714Sat, 22 Dec 2012 05:00:00 ZProf. Gennady P. ChuikoProf. Gennady P. ChuikoPolynomial System Solving in Maple 16
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=132208&ref=Feed
Computing and manipulating the real solutions of a polynomial system is a requirement for many application areas, such as biological modeling, robotics, program verification, and control design, to name just a few. For example, an important problem in computational biology is to study the stability of the equilibria (or steady states) of biological systems. This question can often be reduced to solving a parametric system of polynomial equations and inequalities. In this application, these techniques are used to perform stability analysis of a parametric dynamical system and verify mathematical identities through branch cut analysis.<img src="/view.aspx?si=132208/thumb.jpg" alt="Polynomial System Solving in Maple 16" align="left"/>Computing and manipulating the real solutions of a polynomial system is a requirement for many application areas, such as biological modeling, robotics, program verification, and control design, to name just a few. For example, an important problem in computational biology is to study the stability of the equilibria (or steady states) of biological systems. This question can often be reduced to solving a parametric system of polynomial equations and inequalities. In this application, these techniques are used to perform stability analysis of a parametric dynamical system and verify mathematical identities through branch cut analysis.132208Tue, 27 Mar 2012 04:00:00 ZMaplesoftMaplesoftAn Epidemic Model (for Influenza or Zombies)
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=127836&ref=Feed
<p>Systems of differential equations can be used to model an epidemic of influenza or of zombies. This is an interactive Maple document suitable for use in courses on mathematical biology or differential equations or calculus courses that include differential equations. No knowledge of Maple is required.</p><img src="/view.aspx?si=127836/Cholera.jpg" alt="An Epidemic Model (for Influenza or Zombies)" align="left"/><p>Systems of differential equations can be used to model an epidemic of influenza or of zombies. This is an interactive Maple document suitable for use in courses on mathematical biology or differential equations or calculus courses that include differential equations. No knowledge of Maple is required.</p>127836Thu, 17 Nov 2011 05:00:00 ZDr. Robert IsraelDr. Robert IsraelProfessional Tips & Techniques: Using Scientific Constants in Maple
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=1724&ref=Feed
Maple includes an extensive ScientificConstants package that provides access to the values of various constant physical quantities.
Such values can be used to solve equations in fields such as chemistry and physics. The ScientificConstants package also provides the units for each of the constant values, allowing for greater understanding of the equation as well as units matching for error checking of the solution.
The quantities available in the ScientificConstants package are divided into two distinct categories.
1. physical constants
2. properties of the chemical elements (and their isotopes)
This document will highlight the uses of the ScientificConstants package in Maple, and provides some examples of its use.<img src="/view.aspx?si=1724/TTMarApr.jpg" alt="Professional Tips & Techniques: Using Scientific Constants in Maple" align="left"/>Maple includes an extensive ScientificConstants package that provides access to the values of various constant physical quantities.
Such values can be used to solve equations in fields such as chemistry and physics. The ScientificConstants package also provides the units for each of the constant values, allowing for greater understanding of the equation as well as units matching for error checking of the solution.
The quantities available in the ScientificConstants package are divided into two distinct categories.
1. physical constants
2. properties of the chemical elements (and their isotopes)
This document will highlight the uses of the ScientificConstants package in Maple, and provides some examples of its use.1724Mon, 27 Mar 2006 00:00:00 ZMaplesoftMaplesoftRecognition of Leaves and General 2-D Objects
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=4295&ref=Feed
The shape of a complicated 2D object can be approximated by a polygon consisting of a finite number of line segments. We use Maple to compute a polygon fit to a scanned image of a maple leaf (in DXF) using a Fourier series technique.<img src="/view.aspx?si=4295/leaf.gif" alt="Recognition of Leaves and General 2-D Objects" align="left"/>The shape of a complicated 2D object can be approximated by a polygon consisting of a finite number of line segments. We use Maple to compute a polygon fit to a scanned image of a maple leaf (in DXF) using a Fourier series technique.4295Wed, 14 Aug 2002 12:00:12 ZStanislav BartonStanislav BartonAn Algorithm For Fitting Nonlinear Piecewise Functions, with an Application to Animal Growth
http://www.maplesoft.com/applications/view.aspx?SID=4294&ref=Feed
This worksheet shows how to find parameters of a piecwise nonlinear function fitting a given data set. As an example, we fit a model for the growth of a bull to actual growth data. We show an improvement in the fit of our method over the classical Gompertz function.<img src="/view.aspx?si=4294//applications/images/app_image_blank_lg.jpg" alt="An Algorithm For Fitting Nonlinear Piecewise Functions, with an Application to Animal Growth" align="left"/>This worksheet shows how to find parameters of a piecwise nonlinear function fitting a given data set. As an example, we fit a model for the growth of a bull to actual growth data. We show an improvement in the fit of our method over the classical Gompertz function.4294Wed, 14 Aug 2002 11:53:55 ZStanislav BartonStanislav Barton